Vakil Bath is an old public bath in Shiraz, Iran. It was a part of the royal district constructed during Karim Khan Zand's reign, which includes Arg of Karim Khan, Vakil Bazaar, Vakil Mosque and many administrative buildings. The monument is inscribed with the number 917 on the list of national works of Iran. This bath house is located in the historical centre of Shiraz, close to the Vakil Mosque and the bazaar with the same name. This bathroom enjoys the most advanced architectural techniques of its time. It has plenty of natural sunlight and fresh air circulating in it.
This traditional bath, elegant in terms of architecture and decoration shows how Iranian practiced bathing two or more centuries ago. After losing its function as a bath, it was converted into a traditional restaurant which is also closed down later and turned into a carpet museum. Now there is even no sign of carpets. There are some human dolls exhibiting the traditions of Iranian bath. Beautiful statues are attractive in this place because there are speakers who broadcast the sounds of that space near the statues.
This huge bath is most progress in terms of architectural principles in its period. The top of the door decorated with tiles belong to Ghajarieh period. After that you can see a beautiful entrance, eight sides, decorated by lines and attractive designs. The eight sides covered by dome, and a beautiful netted light. The skylight in the ceiling allows natural light into the building. There is also a pool which is located in the middle of the main dome. Around the pool, there is raised platform which was used for different activities inside the bath house.
Different types of people would come here and they would dress according to their social status or profession. This bath house wasn't only a place of taking hot or cold bath but also a social place for the locals. During the time of its construction, private baths in homes were far and few, so this place was a magnet for the locals. Bathing process sometimes involved more than one services, for example, a barber area, massage area, and skin treatment. People would often sit and wait for their turn in order to get the treatment they require in this bath house. In the past, people would have relaxed by its fountain after taking a bath in the handsome heat room, which has a vaulted ceiling, pillars and a small empty pool.
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