.Ceramics and Pottery
Ceramic industry is one of the oldest industries in the world. The first ever-excavated ceramics objects belonging to 10 to 12 thousand years ago were explored in Zagros mountain range in Iran that indicates a long and shining history in it. The first sample ever discovered belongs to 8000 BC made without using a pottery wheel and furnace but heated beside fire. One of the most important characteristics of the pottery and ceramics in different regions of Iran is “the expressive and beautiful decorations” on them. These decorations in different parts of Iran are completely compatible with the people’s belief, culture and climate of those areas.
Exceptional and marvelous items were created in that era; decorating historical monuments and buildings inclusive of mosques in Isfahan and other Iranian towns.
Undoubtedly, one of the most ancient human arts is pottery which in many cases is used to define the age of the discovered ancient samples and, thus the age of civilizations. In many cases primitive man has made earthenware imitating figure of baskets made of three branches and in some other cases he would use those baskets as the mold of his earthenware.
In 3500 BC some simple pottery wheel was invented making a great revolution in pottery industry after which a variety of techniques as decoration, drawing, carving and relief on earthenware were invented. Pottery wheel, having been invented, enamel work made the most important revolution in pottery fields. The primary material of pottery is sort of mud composed of different kinds of earths with water. The applied earths are divided into two main sorts as Kaolin and white earth for ceramic productions and the secondary earth as clay is used to make earthenware.
The pottery productions are produced through different methods as pressing, sheeting, tubing, and molding methods and another method using a pottery wheel out of which the pressing, sheeting and tubing methods need more skill and talent of the artist while in the methods using a pottery wheel or grout or molding method the grout is poured into molds to form a ceramic work. Here it should be mentioned that half of the earthenware and ceramics are heated in the furnaces at 950 to 1000 centigrade. The production in this process is called biscuit which is used for enameling and arraying.
The color and quality of Iranian tiles and ceramics are so unique that they have resisted hard climatic and erosive conditions of Iran for centuries. “Sultanabad” and “Lajvardina” are two types of pottery.
At the beginning we were scared to have a guide driving the two of us for two weeks. What if we don't like each other? It turned out that Ahmad is an excellent guide not because he possesses a lot of knowledge about his country...More
I had only a short time (2 days) to visit Tehran, but Ahmad made sure that I had the best time. He planned our days perfectly to be able to visit bazaars, palaces, museums and restaurants. I enjoyed my time so much, that I am...More
Our trip tO iran waS great wE where with our sheihk Its a nicE plAce to visIt and mAny things to study I espEciAlly thanks to mr ahmmeD jannathI whO was ouR guide at iran he is well knowledgeD about iraN and its history HIs...More
My wife and I spent two weeks in Iran on tour with Ahmad in May this year. We so enjoyed his knowledge and company and driving us around to suit our interests. We also went to places like Kerman, Yazd, Shiraz, Isfahan and Tehran. One...More
I visited Iran with a slovenian agency and Ahmad Janati was our tour guide. I would definitely recommend him, as he possesses a huge amount of knowledge in history, politics, culture,... His English is very good, which makes things a lot easier for you when...More
Kerman, Yazd, Shiraz, Isfahan, Kashan and Qom: for two weeks we were regaled with many insights into the fabulous centuries-old history of Iran. From the roots of the Zoroastrianism to the splendors of Persepolis, a journey through the country’s history is given more meaning when...More
Had a great time in Tehran with Ahmad Janati-he took us all over Tehran. It was an amazing experience. The people were so nice-even for a big city such as Tehran. Ahmad accommodated all of our requests for the things we were interested in seeing-Shah's...More