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Baba Taher Tomb



Baba Taher Tomb



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Baba Taher is known as one of the most revered and respectable poets in Iranian literature. He was an 11th-century Iranian poet and mystic. Most traditional sources call his dialect Lori, while the name commonly applied from an early date to verses of this kind is Pahlaviyat, Iranchamber wrote. Most of Baba Taher’s life is clouded in mystery. He was born and lived in Hamadan, the capital city of Hamadan province. Also known by the name of Baba Taher-e Oryan (the Naked Baba Taher), he may have been a wandering dervish. A famous version of his life tells us that the poet was an illiterate woodcutter who attended lecturers at a religious school, but was not welcomed by his fellow-students. The dates of his birth and death are unknown. One source indicates that he died in 1019. If this is accurate, it would make Baba Taher a contemporary of Ferdowsi and Ibn Sina (Avicenna) and an immediate precursor of Omar Khayyam. Another source reports that he lived between 1000 and 1055, which is most unlikely. Reliable research notes that Baba Taher lived for 75 years. Rahat Al-Sodur of Ravandi (completed 603/1206). According to L. P. Elwell-Sutton, Baba Taher could be described as the first great poet of Sufi love in Persian literature. In the last two decades, his verses have often been put to music.

Legend has it that Baba Taher was simple man whom everyone mocked in his town. He was not a poet to begin with. One very cold winter day, people of the town decided to make a fool of him just for fun. They brought him to a frozen fountain and told him if he were to swim in the icy water, he will become a poet. Because of his innocence, Baba Taher believed them. He took of his clothes and entered the icy water. Everyone started laughing at him as he was swimming in cold water. He realized he was made fun of and was heart-broken. He came out and, to everyone’s surprise, a “true poet” was, indeed, born out of the icy water on that day. Hence, he is called “the Naked’. His poetry has touched many souls.


The 20th century Mausoleum of Baba Taher (another modernist atrocity), situated near the northern entrance of the city from Tehran Highway and at the end of Baba Taher Street in a square named after him is a rocket-like monument to a mystic poet contemporary of Avicenna, Baba Taher died, who died in 1019 AD. The mausoleum was reconstructed in 1970.


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Baba Taher Oryan mausoleum is based on an Octagonal form. The dimension of the mausoleum is 10×10 meters and it is surrounded with prism forms. It has 8 columns around the main building. The material of the columns, stairs, grave stone, and surface of the mausoleum is Granite stone. It has beautiful Turquoise dome-shaped prism. Inside of the mausoleum, there are 24 Couplet poem carvings on 24 Marmori stone plates and has magnificent motifs tile decoration under the ceiling. The Mausoleum had been registered as one of Iranian national Monuments in May 11, 1997.

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