Constitutional House of Tabriz
Constitutional House of Tabriz, located in Rasteh Kooche street in front of Jamee Mosque of Tabriz and next to the Great Bazaar of Tabriz, is a historic edifice constructed by Haj Mehdi Koozekanani in 1868. The House was for years a hive of political activities, a safe spot for leaders, activists and sympathizers of the Constitutional Revolution.
The House of Constitution is also known as Khaneh Mashrooteh and Khaneh Abolmeleh, named after its founder, Haj Mehdi Koozekanani, who was a revolutionary activist and a well-known man at the time also called Abolmeleh, meaning “the father of the nation. He was a merchant in the Bazaar of Tabriz and became one of the major financers of the revolution. He usesd the House for the Revolution leaders to meet up and publish their underground paper of the Constitutional Movement. The house became imortant in history once again after the Second World War when it was used as a meeting center by Azerbaijan Democrat Party during 1946 till 1947. In 1975 the Cultural Heritage of Iran registered the House as a historic site in Tabriz.
This two-storey building with internal and external parts and Qajar architecture has a lot of rooms and halls. The most stunning part of the house is a skylight and corridor decorated with mirrors and colourful glass.
The first floor of the buiding houses sculptures of famous Iranian leaders during the Constitutional Revolution and some of their personal belongings such as their weapons, underground published newspaper, night letters, the typewriter they used to type the newspaper and night letters with and so many photos from that time. One of the rooms in the House is used to display photos and stuff related to the female activists during the Constitutional Revolution of Iran which took place between 1905 and 1907 and led to the establishment of the Parliament in Iran during the Qajar Dynasty.
The Revolution created new opportunities and opened up seemingly boundless possibilities for Iran. Many different groups fought to shape the course of the Revolution, and all sections of society were ultimately to be in some ways changed by it. The old order, which Nasser-al-Din Shah Qajar had struggled for so long to sustain, finally died to be replaced by new institutions, new forms of expression and a new social and political order.