National Jewels Museum
The incomparable "Treasury of the nation jewels Museum" which is open to public, is a collection of the most expensive jewels of the world, collected over centuries every piece of this collection is a reflection of the tumultuous history of this great nation and artistry of the residents of this land, each piece results memories of bitter-sweet victories and defeats, of the pride and arrogance of rulers who were powerful or weak. Our intention in presenting these jewels is to get you more acquainted with the rich culture and civilization of Iran and to learn from the history the fate of those who purpose power and hoard wealth. For this end we present this rich collection, which we have inherited and hope to preserve and pass on richer to our inheritors. The value of the objects in the treasury of national jewels is not limited to their economic value but is also a reflection of the creativity and taste of Iranian craftsmen and artist over the different eras of history and represent the artistic and cultural heritage of the vast country on Iran. These jewels and rarities were decorations for the rulers during the past eras and often showed the glory and extravagance of their courts, as well as their power and wealth.
The present collection was constructed by the establishment of central bank of Iran, now it is also safeguarded by the Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Now you will visit a unique collection of precious stones that have been gathered over a turbulent eras. Dear visitors, who may come to see the excellent work and gem of this unique collection, before you are overwhelmed by its glitter, consider the historic reasons for collection these jewels. Recognizing the judgement of history and with a clear awareness. Think why the jewels were collected and what purpose the served. This treasury on one hand depicts the culture and civilization of Iranian people who have had an adventure past, and on the other hand, repeats the silence tears of oppressed people who worked hard and instead the rules could show off their arrogance and power with their gold and jewels.
There is no information about the quality and quantity of the treasuries before the Safavid dynasty. It can be said that the recorded history of the treasuries of jewels began with Safavid monarchs. In short, the history of the amassment of the present collection is as follows: before the Safavid dynasty, certain jewels existed in the government treasuries but it was with Safavid dynasty that foreign travelers began to mention these treasuries. The Safavid monarchs, over two centuries start to collect rare and beautiful gems. The gems specialists of the Safavid court brought fine stones to Isfahan, the capital of Iran at that time from the markets of India, the Ottoman Empire and European countries like France and Italy, after the rule of Shah Sultan Hossein and the entry of Mahmud the Afghan to Iran, the treasury was scattered and some of the jewels were taken by Mahmud the Afghan and transferee to Ashraf the Afghan, after the entry of Shah Tahmasb II and Nadir Shah Afshar to Isfahan, these jewels fell into the hands of Nadir and thus were preserved inside the country. Later in order to regain the jewels that had been transported to India, Nadir wrote several letters to India court but did not receive any favorable reply. Nadir Shah Afshar dispatched countries to ask for the return of the jewels, when their power of persuasion proved unequal to the task, he sent an army to prove that he was serious. To get the soldiers off his back Mohammad Shah of India was force to hand over the Daryay-e-nour (a pink diamond weighing 182 carats and said to be the largest uncut diamond in the world) and Kooh-e-nour (the world's largest cut diamond), a peacock throne and assorted other treasures.