Tomb of Esther and Mordechai
Iran registers the Mausoleum of Esther and Mordecai, a holy shrine in Jewish belief, in the western city of Hamadan in its National Heritage List. Given the great historical link between Persian and Jewish people, the two heroes are of great respect among the Jewish people. A queen of the Persian Empire in the Hebrew Bible, Esther is a heroine of the Biblical Book of Esther which is named after her.
The mausoleum, which is visited by Jewish pilgrims from all over the world, is a brick construction that shelters two tombs of Esther and Mordecai. Adorned with some Hebrew inscription, the structure is the resting-place of Esther, the Achaemenian Queen and wife of King Xerxes who rules Persia from 486 to 465 B.C.E. and her uncle, Mardocai.
This site marks the traditional location of the graves of Mordechai and Esther, two cousins who played a pivitol role in the Book of Esther (also known as the Megillah). The saga of Mordechai and Esther form the basis for the Jewish celebration of Purim; hence, the site is of deep historical significance to Iranian Jews and wider Jewish community.