Milad Tower is the tallest tower in Tehran, Iran. Milad tower also known as Tehran Tower is a multi-purpose Iranian concrete tower built in 2007. It stands at 435m from base to the tip of the antenna. A head consist of a large pod with 12 floors. The roof of which at 315 m. Below this is a staircase and elevators to reach the area. Milad tower is the sixth tallest tower in the world. It is the 17th tallest freestanding structure in the world
The Milad tower was first purposed as a part of the "Shahestan Pahlavi" in Tehran. The project was designed by the American urban planner Jaquelin Robertson. The site was to encompass five million square meters of land, a third of which was to be open space. It would have accommodated 50,000 residents as well as government ministries, commercial offices and a number of cultural centers, including museums, facilities for the performance arts and libraries, including the Pahlavi national library. The Milad tower was the only part of Shahestan Pahlavi to be built.
Milad tower is a part of the Tehran international trade and convention center. The project includes the Milad telecommunication tower offering restaurants at the top with panoramic views of Tehran. A five-star hotel, a convention center, a world trade center and an IP park. The complex seeks to respond to the needs of business in the globalized world of the 21st century by offering facilities combining trade, information, communication, convention and accommodation all in one place.
Milad tower's construction commenced in 1997. Upon completion of its 11-year-long construction in 2008, the Milad tower considered the 6th tallest freestanding telecommunication tower in the world. A year later in 2008, the tower was opened, albeit numerous conflicts on the history of the tower still prevail, such as some sources proving that commencement of the tower construction was a year earlier instead of 2000 and that the tower was completed a year later instead of 2007.
Structure and features
Milad tower consists of five main parts:
2) Transition (lobby) structure
4) Head structure
5) Antenna mast
The lobby structure consists of six floors. The first three floors consist of 63 trade units, 11 foot courts and a cafeteria and a commercial products exhibition, which is supposed to be 260 m2.
The first and second floors underground consist of official and installing sections and data center. The ground floor devoted to the entrance and visitors reception.
The shaft is a concrete structure which is 315 m high from the ground floor. In three different sides of it 6 elevators are used to transfer the visitors to the head of the tower at the speed of 7 m/s and there is an emergency staircase exists at the fourth side.
The head of the tower is a steel structure weighing about 25,000 tons and consisting of 12 floors. In the top floor of the tower, fire immense areas were built as a refuge zone, a closed observation deck, a revolving restaurant, telecommunication floors, a VIP restaurant, mechanical floors and a sky dome.
The four-stage antenna mast is 120m-high. The lower floor of the adjustment of public users' telecommunication antenna of radio and television organization of Islamic republic of Iran.
Furthermore, the complex features a parking area of 27,000 m2, a large computer and telecommunications unit, a cultural and a scientific unit, a commercial transaction center, a temporary showroom for exhibiting products, a specialized library, an exhibition hall, and an administrative unit. Milad tower has an octangal base, symbolizing transitional Persian architecture.