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National Museum


National museum of Iran is located in Tehran, Iran. This museum considered the oldest museum of Iran. The national museum of Iran, with 70-year history, is home to 300,000 ancient objects in an area of 20,000 squares meters. This modest museum is not Louvre, but it is chock-full of Iran's rich history. Designed by French architect André Godard and completed in 1928. It is one of the more attractive modern buildings in Tehran blending Sassanian principles such as the grand iwan-style entrance with art deco-style brick work.


It is the combination of two buildings which include the museum of Ancient Iran (Muze ye Iran e Bastan) a Sassanid brick revival building inaugurated in 1937 and the travertine museum of the Islamic era (Muze ye Dowarn e Eslami) inaugurated in 1972.Buildings began in 1935 and were completed within 2 years by Abbas Ali Memar and Morad Tabrizi.





The main entrance of the museum of ancient Iran is built in the style of Sassanid vaults, particularly the iwan of CtesiphonIt hosts historical monuments dating back through preserved ancient and medieval Iranians antiquities. These works include pottery vessels, metal objects, textiles remains and some rare books and coins. Inside is a collection including ceramics, pottery, stone figures and carvings, mostly taken from excavations at Persepolis, Ismail Abad (near Qazvin), Shush, Rey and Turang Tappeh. Unfortunately, the presentation of these treasures is less than inspired and the lack of useful explanations particularly underwhelming. Among the finds from Shush, there's a stone capital of a winged lion, some delightful pitchers and vessels in animal shapes and colorful glazed bricks decorated with double-winged mythical creatures. The copy of the diorite stele detailing the Babylonian of Hammurabi, found at Shush in 1901, is also displayed the original being in Paris.



The second building, the museum of the Islamic era, built on the grassy grounds of the museum of Ancient Iran, went through quite a few hasty interior changes and was still begin remolded when the revolution swept the country. It is considered as Iran's mother museum which aims to preserve the ancient relics for the coming generations, improve understanding among world people and nations enhance public knowledge.  

The older building consists of three halls. The halls contain artifacts and fossils from the lower middle and upper Paleolithic, as well as Neolithic, Chalcolithic early and late Bronze Age and Iron Ages I-III, through the median, Achaemenes, Seleucid, Parthian and Sassanid periods. The oldest antifictions in the museum are from Kashafrud, Darband and Ganj par sites that date back to the lower Paleolithic period.