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Tomb of Sa’di

 

 

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The tomb of Sa'di is the eternal resting place of one of the greatest Persian writers and poets; Abu-Mohammad Musleh al-Din ebn Abdollah Shirazi, better known by his pen-name Sa'di. He was born in Shiraz and is recognized not only for the quality of his writing, but also for the depth of his social thoughts. He left some significant works such as Golestan (prose) and Boustan (verse) that are matchless in terms of eloquence and expression in Persian Literature.  He is not only famous in Persian speaking countries, but has been quoted in western sources as well. He is widely recognized as one of the greatest poets of the classical literary tradition. In his youth, he left his native town for Baghdad to pursue a better education. When he reappeared in his native Shiraz, he might have been in his late forties. Sa'di was not only welcomed to the city but also was shown great respect by the ruler and held to be among the greats of the province. He spent the rest of his life in Shiraz.

 

 

 

 

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The mausoleum building and its large garden, is designed in 1951 by an Iranian architect, Mohsen Froughi. The tomb was built long after the poet's death and the garden was made in the twentieth century.  Even from the very early days after the poet's death, the tomb of Sa'di became a place of pilgrimage to the lovers of poetry and literature. In 1808 AD Karim Khan Zand renovated the mausoleum. His tomb, in the northeast of the city, is as overpowering as that of Hafez. Tombs of both poets were rebuilt in early '50s. The tomb of Sa'di stands on the spot that was once the poet's convent. Its generous surrounding gardens are appropriate for a man who wrote so extensively about gardens and roses. It’s a tranquil place, with the tombstone housed in an open-sided stone colonnade built during the Pahlavi era. Nearby is an overpriced underground teahouse set around a fish pond. Though modern in its simplicity, the portico with its tall columns of pinkish marble is a traditional feature of Persian architecture. Steps lead up to the tomb with its turquoise-blue dome. A short double colonnade to the left leads to a tiled sunken enclosure containing a pool filled with voracious fish.
 

 

 

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The building follows Iranian style with 8 brown columns in the front and white stones and tile works decorating the building itself. It looks like a cube from outside but it is octagonal inside with blue ceiling and walls from marble. The marble tomb dates back to 1860s. The tomb of Sa'di of Shiraz will scent of love even a thousand years after his death.  This line of poetry by Sa'di, inscribed on the gate leading into the garden surrounding the mausoleum, welcomes all those who enter to pay homage to this unparalleled master of the Persian language and literature. It’s easy to visit the tombs of both Hafez and Sa’di in a single afternoon..

 

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