Fin garden, or bagh-e fin, is one of the most beautiful and historical garden that is located in Kashan , Iran. It has several parts including Fin Bath, Ghajarid Kooshk (Shotor galou-e-Fath-alishahi), Shah neshin, hoz-e-joosh.
The fin garden is the oldest extant garden In Iran. The origins of garden may be anterior to the Safavid perior. The settlement of the garden in its present form was built under the reign of Abbas I Persia (1571-1629), as a traditional bagh near the village of Fin, located a few miles south west of Kashan. The garden was developed further during the Safavid dynasty, until Abbas II of Persia (1633-1666).It was highly recognized during the reign of Fat'h Ali shah Qajar and was considerably expanded. The garden covers 2.3 hectares with a main yard surrounded by ramparts with four circular towers. In keeping with many gardens in Iran, the fin garden employs a great many water features. These were fed from a spring on a hillside behind the garden, and the water pressure was such that a large number of circulating pools and fountains could be constructed without the need for mechanical pumps.
On one side of the garden is the hammam complex, famous as the place where Iranian nationalist hero Amir Kabir was murdered. Mirza Taqi Khan, known as Amir Kabir, served as prime minister under Nasirod-Din shah from1848 to 1851. He was modernizer who instituted significant change, especially in the field of education and administration, but his popularity was not appreciated in the royal court and the shah's mother eventually persuaded her son that he had to go. Amir Kabir was imprisoned in fin garden and eventually murdered in the bath house, though some say he slashed his own wrist.
Ghajarid kooshk (Shotor galou-e-Fath-alishahi)
Due to his intense interest in Fin fountain and garden, Fath-alishah Qajar ordered Kashan's governor, Haj Hasan Khan Sadre- aazame Esfahani to repair and decorate the garden the best waypossible. For this reason Shotor Galou-e-Qajari was built on the south western side of the garden. General structure of the Shotor Galou is in the form of the covered platform and chahar-tagh(square dome). Its alcove has a basin house with water flowing in from its three sides and directed into garden viatiled brooks as well as beautiful jets of water. Additionally one of the water inputs from Soleymanieh spring is at this spot.
At the same same direction as Qajarid shotor galou structure, a row of inter- connected rooms has been constructed. In the middle of these structures ,opposite the Hoz-e-Joosh , there exist a big room with symmetrical niches and stalactite works as well as sash doors. On its meshed doors and fretworks ,colored glasses are seen with their healing effects mentioned in color psycology books much later. Now it is known that : green, blue and white colors have soothing effect and show the room larger due to the optical illusion. Red, orange and yellow concidered as warm colors and have an appetizing and exciting effect. Besides mixture of red and blue colors generates purple color that disrupts insects view.
Hoz- e -Joosh
Another location of water input from the spring is this basin which is on the southern side of the garden. It has 160 orificos. Half of them water inputs and the other half water outputs. Water going out of the Hoz-e-Joosh is directed toward the 12-jet water basin. The Hoz-e-Joosh has a unique engineering design.