Arguably the finest of Isfahan's bridges Pol-e Khaju was built by Shah Abbas II in about 1650. Khaju bridge located in east of the Siosepol bridge on the Zayandeh river. The bridge is also named as Shah bridge,Baba Roknedin and Hassan beig. It is one of the best monument of Safavid eras.Khaju Bridge has 23 arches and is 105 meters long and 14 meters wide, made of bricks and stones with twenty one larger and twenty six smaller inlet and outlet channels. The pieces of stone used in this bridge are over 2 meters long and the distance between every channel and the ceiling base is 21 meters.It was built on one of the deepest parts of Zayandeh River in Isfahan done on the place of an older bridge related to Timurid age in 15th century; therefore Shah Abbas II did himself a reconstruction job with new engineering methods which can be seen in other construction of 16th and 17th century IsfahanThe bridge has been constructed with multi-purpose use. Although architecturally functioning as a bridge and a weir, it is also served a primary function as a building and a place for public meeting.
In the middle of Khaju Bridge, there is a special building, it has been stablished for temporary accommodation of Shah and his family and it is also called Beig Garbi. Octagonal pavilions in the center of the bridge on the both the down and the upstream sides provide vantage points for the remarkable views. it's a bridge look like an eagle even if you can see the eagle paw at the center. There are two beautiful lions next to the bridge that at night their eyes shiny with the natural light.If you look harder you can still see original paintings and tiles and the remains of stone seats built for Shah Abbas II to sit on and admire the views, in the center a pavilion was built exclusively for this pleasure.The kilim designe at the bottom and the carpet designe above the bridge just add more beauty to this historicul bridge.The lower level of the bridge may be accessed by pedestrians and remains a popular shady place for relaxing. Now it exists and the arches decorated with beautiful paintings. This structure was originally decorated with artistic tilework and painting and served as a teahouse. In fact Khaju for its tiles architecture and decoration is more popular than any other bridges. Many people believe that Khaju bridge is the ost beautiful bridge in Isfahan.You can see the worker's signature at the bottom of this bridge that they just engraver on the raw brick. The bridge is also called in other names but due to the neighborhood known Khaju. It is also a doubles as a dam and has always been as much a meeting place as a bearer of traffic. A bridge is believed to have crossed the water here since the time of Tamerlane.
Khaju is one of the bridges that regulate the water flow in the river because there are sluice gates under archways over the river. When the sluice gates are closed, the water level behind the bridge is raised to facilitate the irrigation of the many gardens along the river upstream of this bridge. On the upper level of the bridge, the main central aisle was utilized by horses and carts and the vaulted paths on either side by pedestrians.
The water passes through along 26 paths. Between the paths, There are 51 room-like spaces on each side of the bridge. These spaces are still used by people and tourists to enjoy the river and the landscape. 350 years ago these rooms were given to local governors during the ceremonies to settle and enjoy the rowing matches and other events.
The aims behind the construction of Khaju Bridge were to connect Hassan Abad and Khaju distinct to Takht e Foolad cemetery and Shiraz road another one is that it links the Khaju quarter on the north bank with the Zoroastrian quarter across the Zayandeh River.