If we devided Iran's history into three periods: prehistoric,ancient period and Islamic period respectively, Ziggurat temple, Persopolis and Isfahan mosque architecture of this period are the best options. Isfahan Jame' mosque is a stunning illustration of the evolution of mosque architecture over 12 centuries. It is the oldest edifice of its type in Iran and a prototype for later mosque designs throughout central Asia. Isfahan Jame' mosque is of high importance in terms of Iran's architectural history.The Jame' mosque of Isfahan is the grand,congregational mosque of Isfahan city within Isfahan province,Iran. The mosque is the result of continual construction,reconstruction,additions and renovations on the site from around 771 to the end of the 20th century. It is UNESCO world Heritage since 2012.Isfahan mosque is a museum of evolution of Persian architecture during the fourteen centuries of Islamic history. Reality of tunnel time can be touched with cruise the Grand mosque.
Here is a sacred palace that was a fire temple of the Sassanid period, then a simple mosque based there.The complex,extending over 20,000 square meters,is the first Islamic building that adapted the four-iwan structure of Sassanid palaces to Islamic religious architectural.It's double-shelled ribbed domes represent an architectural innovation that inspired architects throughout the region. The site also features remarkable decorative details of Islamic art.The monument examplifiesva sequance of architectural construction and decorative styles of different period in Iranian Islamic architecture, most predominantly the Abbasid,Al-e Bouyeh,Seljuq,Ilkhanid,Mozaffarid and Teymuris eras.This is one of the oldest mosque still standing in Iran and it was built in the four-iwan architectural styles,placing four gates face to face, an iwan is a vaulted open room. The qibla iwan on the southern side of the mosque was vaulted with muqarnas during the 13th century.Muqarnas are nich-like cells. Isfahan Jame' mosque is an outstandin example of innovation in architectural adaption and technology applied during the restoration and expansion of the former building during
the Seljuq era which has been further enlarged during Islamic period with
addition of high-quality extensions and decorations
Construction under the Seljuqs included the addition of two brick domed chambers,for which the mosque is renowned. It is no exaggeration to say that this is one of the most completed dome built of brick domes on earth. Iwan were also added in stages under the Seljuqs giving the mosque its current four-iwan form, atype which subsequently became prevalent in Iran and the rest of the Islamic world.
The south dome was built to house the Mihrab in 1086-87 by Nizam ol Mulk, the famous vizier of Malik Shah and was larger than any dome known at its time. The north dome was constructed a year later by Nizam ol Mulk's rival Taj al Mulk. The function of this domed chamber is uncertain, also it was situated along the north-south axis, it was located outside the bouderies of the mosque. The huge dome of the mosque is 52 meters, the height of 48 meters and the minaret height is 42 meters.
Interestingly,the reflection of the sound is in the great southern dome of the mosque.
The dome was certainly built as adirect riposte to earlier south dome and successfully so claiming it's place as a masterpiece in Persian architecture for its structural clarity and geometric balance.
In addition to all the most beautiful mosque in Iran molded alter, is Aljayto that is located in this mosque.
Arabesques,interlacing vines and calligraphy, leaves and lotus flowers are delicately incised upon the golden stucco surfaced this inspired Mihrab.
The two peacocks that were on either side of a vase decorated with mosaic tiles. famous rock to rock index shows four seasons noon and is located in Sulaimaniyah school. The beautiful and majestic head of the mosque is with mosaic tiles but the rest is decorated with clay tiles. The inscription on the mosque indicates that Shah Abbas dedicated this mosque into his ansectors. Manufactures have created mosque entrance so that by passing the entrance porch with out being felt, a 45 degree angle in the direction of Mecca.