Saat Tower, the symbol of Tabriz also known as Tabriz Municipality Palace, was built in 1934 and is located in the center of the city and on the left side of the Blue Mosque. After the 2nd world war, the building was used by the Azaerbaiijan Democrat Party as a government office. When Iranian troops regained control of Tabriz in 1947, the building was used again as the Tabriz municipal central office, and since then this function has not changed.
Clock towers are a specific type of builidng which houses a turret clock and has one or more clock faces on the upper exterior walls. Many clock towers are freestanding structures but they can also be part of a church or municipal building such as a town hall. They are a common sight in many parts of the world with some being iconic buildings. To name a famous clock tower in the world, the Elizabeth Tower in Londen, commonly called “Big Ben” can be mentioned. Ali Al-Ridha Clock Tower in Mashhad, Shams ol-emare in Tehran, and Saat Tower in Tabriz are other good examples of clock towers in Iran.
Saat Tower is called so beacause of the four face clock at the top of the tower, as saat means “clock”. In the 1990s, in an attempt o instal an elevator, one of saat’s patios was damaged. In 2008, the dome of the tower was reconstruced with a new khaki colored fiber glass to replace the original silver colored dome.
To use the whole potential of the building, some parts of the tower have been used in function of a museum in recent years. The museum includes historical maps and photos of Tabriz, as well as some antiques such as first taxi cars, and old firefighting trucks.
Since Saat Tower in Tabriz is located in the center of the city, it has been used for various ceremonies and gatherings in the city. Nowruz, for instance, is celebrated in Tabriz by setting a big Haft-Sin behind Saat Tower which attracts a lot of visitors.
To celebrate the Earth Hour since 2014, Tabriz turns off the lights of Saat Tower. Earth Hour is a worldwide movement for the Planet organized by the World Wide Fund for Nature(WWF). The event is held worldwide annually encouraging individuals, communities, households and businesses to turn off their non-essential lights for one hour, from 8:30 to 9:30 p.m on the last Saturday in March, as a symbol for their commitment to the planet.